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new test: Cocoa (Chocolate / Brown ) in French Bulldog
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Chondrodystrophy (CDDY with IVDD Risk) and Chondrodysplasia (CDPA)

Test number: 8294

FGF4-12 and FGF4-18

Breeds
All Dog Breeds , American Cocker Spaniel , Basset , Beagle , Bichon Frise , Cavalier King Charles Spaniel , Cardigan Welsh Corgi , Chesapeake Bay Retriever , Chihuahua , Coton de Tulear , Dachshund , Dandie Dinmont Terrier , English Springer Spaniel , French Bull Dog , Havanese - Bichon Havanese , Jack Russell Terrier , Miniature Poodle , Miniature Wire haired Dachshund , Miniature Long Haired Dachshund , Miniature Smooth Haired Dachshund , Nova Scotia Duck tolling Retriever ( NSDTR ) , Pekingese , Pembroke Welsh Corgi , Portuguese Waterdog , Scottish Terrier , Shih Tzu , Toy Poodle , West Highland White Terrier , Welsh Corgi .
Description

Chondrodystrophy (CDDY with IVDD Risk) and Chondrodysplasia (CDPA)

The test checks for two mutations: CDDY with IVDD Risk, and CDPA.

Chondrodystrophy CDDY (FGF4-12) which causes short legs and the risk of developing Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD).

Chondrodysplasia CDPA (FGF4-18), which causes the short legged phenotype in a number of breeds.

Chondrodystrophy (CDDY with IVDD Risk) is a trait that is common to many dog breeds and it is characterised by shorter legs due to shorter long bones. CDDY can also be associated with Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) due to premature degeneration of the intervertbral disc. The intervertebral disc lie between the vertebrae and it is made of a cartilage which separate vertebrae from each other, absorb shocks and allow slight movement of the vertebrae. In affected dogs, premature calcification of part of the disc at early age (from birth to 1 year of age) results in degeneration of all discs in young dogs. These abnormal discs are susceptible to herniation into the spinal canal where the inflammation, and hemorrhage can cause severe pain and neurological dysfunction. CDDY is inherited as a semi-dominant trait which means that dogs with 2 copies of the mutation are smaller than dogs with only 1 copy. As for IVDD, the inheritance follows a dominant mode, meaning that 1 copy of CDDY mutation is sufficient to predispose dogs to IVDD.

The CDDY mutation has been found in breeds such as: Basset Hound, Beagle, Bichon Frise, Cardigan Welsh Corgi, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Chesapeake Bay Retriever, Chihuahua, American Cocker Spaniel, Coton de Tulear, Dachshund, Dandie Dinmont Terrier, English Springer Spaniel, French Bulldog, Havanese, Jack Russell Terrier, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, Pekingese, Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Poodle (Miniature and Toy), Portuguese Water Dog, Scottish Terrier, Shih Tzu.

The second mutation CDPA explains the short-legged phenotype known as chondrodysplasia (CDPA) in breeds such as Basset Hound, Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Dachshunds, West Highland White Terriers and Scottish Terriers. CDPA inheritance is considered to follow am autosomal dominant mode.

In some breeds both mutations are present and so breeders will be able to plan breeding to reduce occurrence of CDDY, while retaining the short-legged phenotype CDPA.

 
Further reading
FGF4 retrogene on CFA12 is responsible for CDDY and IVDDHTML file
Phenotypic Effects of FGF4 on IVDD (2019)HTML file
Sample Requirements
Whole blood in EDTA tube (0.5 - 1 ml) or Buccal Swabs.
Whole blood in EDTA tube (0.5 - 1 ml) or Buccal swabs. .
Turnaround
1-2 weeks
Price
£ 48.00 (including VAT)

To order:

  • Download Order Form from this link pdf

  • Complete the order form and send it together with your samples to the following address:

    Laboklin (UK),   125 Northenden Road, Manchester, M33 3HF




new test:
Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS)
new test:
ACAN Dwarfism (Chondrodysplasia)
new test:
Predictive Height Test ( LCORL)
new test:

Tractability
new test:
Coat colour Sunshire Dilution



See also:
Copper Toxicosis (Copper Storage Disease )  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (Dominant PRA)  
Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy (Krabbe Disease)  
CSNB (Congenital Stationary Night Blindness)  
CLAD (Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency)  
Cystinuria  
von Willebrand disease Type II (vWD II)  
PK Deficiency (Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency)  
Fucosidosis  
PFK Deficiency (Phosphofructokinase deficiency)  
Myotonia Congenita  
MH (Malignant Hyperthermia)  
X-Linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (X-SCID)  
GM1-Gangliosidosis  
Narcolepsy  
Muscular Dystrophy (MD)  
MPS ( Mucopolysaccharidosis type VII)  
Hereditary Myopathy / Centronuclear Myopathy (HMLR, CNM)  
Canine Cyclic Neutropenia (Gray Collie Syndrome)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (cord1- PRA / crd4 PRA)  
L-2-HGA ( L- 2 - hydroxyglutaric aciduria ) L2HGA  
von Willebrand disease Type I (vWD I)  
von Willebrand disease Type III (vWD III)  
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis ( CL / NCL )  
Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome ( TNS )  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (crd PRA)  
PDP 1 Deficiency (Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Phosphatase 1 Deficiency)  
Factor VII Deficiency  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (rcd1 PRA)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (rcd1a PRA)  
Juvenile Brain Disease ( JBD ) / Juvenile Encephalopathy ( Epilepsy )  
Microphthalmia ( RBP4 )  
French Bulldog DNA bundle  
Leonberger DNA bundle  
Spanish Water Dog DNA bundle  
Lethal Acrodematitis ( LAD )  
BRAF Mutation ( transitional cell carcinoma )  
MDR1 Gene Varian / Ivermectin Sensitivity *  
Exercise Induced Collapse ( EIC )  
Dwarfism (Pituitary Dwarfism / Hypopituitarism)  
Degenerative Myelopathy / Degenerative Radiculomyelopathy) DM (Exon 2)  
Greyhound Neuropathy (Hereditary Neuropathy)  
Brittle Bone Disease (Osteogenesis Imperfecta)  
Glycogen Storage Disease (GSDllla)  
Hereditary Cataract (HSF4)  
Neonatal encephalopathy (NE / NEWS)  
Haemophilia B (factor IX deficiency)  
JEB (Junctional Epidermolysis bullosa)  
Primary Lens Luxation (PLL)  
Brachyury (Bobtail Gene / Short Tail)  
Familial Nephropathy (FN) / Hereditary Nephropathy *  
Startle Disease (SD) / Hyperekplexia  
Familial Nephropathy (FN) / Hereditary Nephropathy  
Myostatin Mutation ("Bully" Whippet)/ Double Muscling  
Hereditary Nephritis / Samoyed Hereditary Glomerulopathy  
Episodic Falling in Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (EF)  
Dry Eye and Curly Coat syndrome (CCS)  
CKCS Pack A: Episodic Falling + Dry Eye Curly Coat syndrome  
Haemophilia A (factor VIII deficiency)  
Congenital Hypothyreosis / hypothyroidism ( CHG )  
Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis (HNPK)  
Juvenile Epilepsy (JE)  
Musladin-Lueke syndrome (MLS)  
Ichthyosis *  
Neonatal Cortical Cerebellar Abiotrophy (NCCD)  
Dwarfism (Skeletal Dysplasia 2 / SD2 )  
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (generalized PRA)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (GR-PRA1)  
Progressive retinal atrophy ( rcd4-PRA) / LOPRA  
Alaskan Malamute Polyneuropathy (AMPN / IPAM / HPAM)  
Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) / Necrotizing Meningoencephalitis (NME)  
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)  
Pompe's Disease (Glycogen Storage Disease type II / GSDII)  
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD)  
Protein Losing Nephropathy (PLN)  
Late Onset Ataxia (LOA)  
Cobalamin Malabsorption (Imerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome (IGS))  
Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA)  
pap-PRA1 (Progressive Retinal Atrophy)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (BAS PRA)  
CMSD (Canine Multiple System Degeneration)  
Hereditary Cataract (HSF4) *  
Lagotto DNA bundle: JE + NAD + Furnishing + LSD  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (prcd-PRA): (8094P / 8127)  
Thrombopathia (Thrombopathy)  
Digital Hyperkeratosis (DH) (Hereditary Footpad Hyperkeratosis / Corny Feet)  
Degenerative Myelopathy / degenerative radiculomyelopathy) DM (Exon 1)  
Degenerative Myelopathy / degenerative radiculomyelopathy) DM (Exon 1 + Exon 2)  
Ectodermal Dysplasia / Skin Fragility Syndrome (ED / SFS)  
Hypomyelination (Shaking Puppy Syndrome) SPS  
JRT and PRT Pack A: LOA + SCA + JBD  
JRT and PRT Pack B: LOA + SCA + PLL + JBD + DM2  
Leonberger Polyneuropathy 1 ( LPN1)  
Hereditary Ataxia (HA)  
Finnish Hound Ataxia / Cerebellar Ataxia (FHA / CAFH)  
Dandy-Walker-Like Malformation (DWLM)  
Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS)  
Fanconi Syndrome (FS)  
Lagotto Storage Disease (LSD)  
Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis & Polyneuropathy (JLPP)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (CNGA1 PRA)  
Achromatopsia (day blindness) / ACHM  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (GR-PRA2)  
Unspecified test  
Postoperative Hemorrhage (P2Y12 / P2RY12)  
Glanzmann Thrombasthenia (Thrombasthenia, Thrombasthenic thrombopathia, GT)  
Prekallikrein Deficiency (KTK) / Fletcher Factor Deficiency  
C3 Deficiency (Complement Component 3 deficiency)  
Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome (CMS)  
Bardet Biedl Syndrome (BBS)  
GM2 Gangliosidosis Variant 0 (Sandhoff Disease)  
Macrothrombocytopenia ( MTC-D )  
Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis (RCND)  
Vitamin D-dependent Rickets (HVDRR)  
Amelogenesis Imperfecta (AI) / Familial Enamel Hypoplasia (FEH)  
X-linked Myotubular Myopathy (XLMTM)  
Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) / Choroidal Hypoplasia (CH) *  
Macrothrombocytopenia ( MTC- R )  
Muscular Dystrophy (MDL)  
Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIa (MPS IIIA)  
Neuroaxonal Dystrophy ( NAD )  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (rcd2-PRA) by Laboklin  
Ichthyosis ( Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis (EHK) )  
May-Hegglin Anomaly (MHA)  
Alaskan Husky Encephalopathy (AHE)  
Cerebral Dysfunction (CDF)  
Dwarfism ( Chondrodysplasia / disproportinate short-limbed )  
Ichthyosis (Congenital Ichthyosis / Great Dane Ichthyosis)  
Hemorrhagic Diathesis / Bleeding Diathesis (Canine Scott Syndrom)  
Glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD Ia) / VON Grieke Disease  
Gallbladder Mucoceles (GBM)  
Primary Hyperoxaluria type I (PH I)  
Hyperuricosuria / Urate Stones (HUU, SLC)  
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID)  
Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency type III (LAD III)  
Cleft Lip / Palate and Syndactyly (CLPS)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (crd1 PRA)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (CRD2 PRA)  
Spondylocostal Dysostosis (Comma Defect)  
Canine Multi-Focal Retinopathy (CMR)  
Craniomandibular Osteopathy (CMO)  
Retinal Dysplasia (RD) / Oculo Skeletal Dysplasia (OSD)*  
Special Offer: DM (Exon 2) + MDR1  
Special Offer Chinese Crested: PLL + prcd PRA + rcd3 PRA + DM Exon 2  
Warbung Micro Syndrome 1 (WARBM1)  
Raine Syndrome  
van den Ende-Gupta Syndrom (VDEGS)  
Lundehund-Syndrome ( Lymphagetasia )  
Obesity / Adiposity ( ADI )  
Alexander Disease (AxD) / Leukodystrophy  
Spinal Dysraphism / Neural Tube Defects ( NTD )  
Spongy Degeneration with Cerebellar Ataxia ( SDCA1 )  
XL - PRA (Progressive retinal Atrophy)  
Nemaline Myopathy (NM)  
Beagle DNA Bundle : IGS + Factor VII + MLS + NCCD + Osteogenesis imperfecta + PK + POAG  
Poodle DNA Bundle: DM exon2 + rcd4 PRA + NE + prcd-PRA + vWD1  
Golden Retriever DNA bundle: GR-PRA1 + GR-PRA2 + Ichthyosis + prcd-PRA + Muscular Dystrophy + NCL  
Pug Special Offer: DM Exon2 + MH + PDE / NME + PK + PLL  
Aussie DNA bundle: CEA * + DM exon2 + HSF4 + MDR1 + Brachyury + NCL + prcd-PRA *  
Collie DNA Bundle: CEA + DM exon2 + IPD + MDR1 + rcd2-PRA  
Border Collie DNA Bundle: CEA + IGS + MDR1 + Raine + SN + NCL + TNS + GGD  
Pack A: CNM + DM exon2 + EIC + HNPK + OSD + prcd-PRA + SD2  
Pack B: AxD + Cystinuria + Narcolepsy + Obesity + PK + SLC + XL-MTM  
Ichthyosis  
Catalase Deficiency ( CAT ) / Hypocatalasemia / Acatalasia  
Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy ( JME )  
Paroxysmal Dyskinesia ( PxD )  
Spongy Degeneration with Cerebellar Ataxia ( SDCA2 )  
Belgian Shepherd Special Offer : SDCA1 + SDCA2  
Sensory Neuropathy ( SN )  
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome ( ARDS )  
POAG / PLL Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG) and Primary Lens Luxation (PLL)  
Shar Pei auto-inflammatory disease (SPAID)  
Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa (DEB)  
Doberman DNA bundle (DM2 + vWDI + Narcolepsy + B Locus + D Locus)  
Landseer DNA bundle (Cystinuria + DM2 + D-Locus (D1) + MD + Thrombopathia)  
Rhodesian Ridgeback DNA Bundle (DM2 + Haemophilia B + B Locus + JME + D Locus)  
Rottweiler DNA bundle ( DM2 , LEMP , JLPP , CL1 , XL - MTM )  
Leonberger Polyneuropathy 2 ( LPN2 )  
Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis (HNPK)  
Subacute Necrotizing Encephalopathy (SNE)  
ISDS Exclusive Border Collie DNA Bundle: CEA 1* + IGS + SN + TNS  
Acral Mutilation Syndrome ( AMS )  
Lafora Disease (LAF / LD) / Myoclonic Epilepsy  
Shetland DNA Bundle: CEA + DM Exon 2 + vWD Type III + MDR1 + CNGA1-PRA  
CKCS Pack B: DM Exon2 + Episodic Falling + DryEye + MD + MTC  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (rcd3 PRA)  
Old English Sheepdog (Bobtail) DNA bundle: DM Exon2 + EIC + HA + MDR1 + PCD  
German Shepherd and Wolfdog DNA Bundle  
Glaucoma and Goniodysgenesis (GGD)  
Leukoencephalomyelopathy ( LEMP )  
Hereditary Deafness ( PTPRQ )  
Type B PRA * (GeneSeek)  
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis Combi in ACD & AUSSIE ( NCL Combi )  
Mycobacterium Avium Complex ( MAC ) sensitivity  
Australian Cattle Dog bundle (DM Exon2 + NCL + PLL + prcd-PRA (partnerlab) + rcd4-PRA)  
Dachshund DNA bundle (IVDD-risk + Osteogenesis imperfecta + NCL + cord1-PRA + crd-PRA)  
English Springer Spaniel DNA bundle (AMS + FN + SPS + Fucosidosis + PFKD + cord1-PRA )  
Welsh Corgi DNA bundle (Brachyuria + IVDD-risk + DM exon2 + rcd3-PRA + vWD1)  
Cocker Spaniel DNA bundle (AMS + FN + prcd PRA)  
Leukoencephalopathy ( LEP )  
Larynx / Laryngeal Paralysis ( LP )  
Dilated Cardiomyopathy ( DCM )  
Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIb ( MPS3b )  
Renal dysplasia and hepatic fibrosis ( RDHN )  
Stargardt disease ( STGD )  
NECAP-1 Progressive Retinal Atrophy ( NECAP1 PRA / NECAP PRA5)  
SCWT DNA bundle (DM + PLN + PxD + RBP4 + SLC )  
Inflammatory Pulmonary Disease ( IPD )  
Retinal dysplasia ( RD ) / Oculoskeletal Dysplasia ( OSD 3 )  
Shiba Inu DNA bundle (GM1 , GM2 , A Locus and E Locus)  
Copper storage disease - Copper toxicosis (CT) *  
Hypophosphatasia ( HPP )  
Upper Airway Syndrome ( UAS )  
Portuguese Waterdog DNA Bundle ( GM1 + prcd PRA + Improper Coat)  
Bull Terrier DNA bundle ( LAD + PLL + LP + PKD )  
Australian Shepherd KC DNA bundle (MDR1+ prcd-PRA + CEA + HSF4)  
Beagle KC DNA bundle (F7 + IGS BG + MLS + NCCD)  
Border Collie KC DNA bundle (GG +IGS BC+NCL BC+TNS+SN+MDR1+CEA)  
Chinese Crested KC DNA bundle (PLL + prcd-PRA)  
Collie (Rough) KC DNA bundle (DM Exon2 + rcd2-PRA + MDR1 + CEA)  
English Springer Spaniel (ESS) KC DNA bundle (AMS+cord1-PRA+Fucosidosis+PFKD)  
French Bulldog KC DNA bundle (DM Exon2+SLC+HSF4)  
German Shepherd KC DNA bundle (DM Exon2+F8+MDR1)  
Golden Retriever KC DNA bundle (GR1-PRA+GR2-PRA+Ichthyosis)  
Labrador Retriever KC DNA bundle (EIC+HNPK+SD2+CNM+prcd-PRA)  
Staffordshire Bull Terrier KC DNA bundle  
Cardiomyopathy with Juvenile Mortality (CJM)  
Charcot -Marie - Tooth (CMT )  
Leukodystrophy ( LD )  
Dermatomysitis ( DMS )  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy Type B1 PRA (HIVEP3)  
Behavior Propensity BP  
C-Locus (Albino) / Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 4 (OCA4)  
Inflamatory Myopathy (Myositis) IM  
Lethal Lung Disease (LLD / LAMP3)  
Cystinuria (Dominant)  
SCWT GB-Club bundle (DM Exon2 + PLN + RBP4)  

 
 
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