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rdAc-PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy )

Test number: 8117CGD

rdAc-PRA

Breeds
Abyssinian , American Curl/Wirehair , Balinese , Bengal , Colorpoint Shorthair , Cornish Rex , Javanese , Munchkin , Oriental Shorthair , Ocicat , Peterbald , Seychellois , Siamese , Singapura , Somali , Thai , Tonkinese .
The Disease
The late onset photoreceptor degeneration rdAC-PRA is affecting Abyssinian and Somali cats. This genetic disorder causes the degeneration of retinal cells in the eye: In the early stage of the disease rod cells are affected, later degeneration of the cone cells results in complete blindness of the cat. Affected cats have normal vision at birth. The age of onset of clinical symptoms is typically at the age of 1.5-2 years. At the end stage of disease complete photoreceptor degeneration and blindness is observed, usually at the age of 3-5 years.
Trait of Inheritance
The mutation in the CEP290 gene which has been suggested to cause rdAc-PRA has recently been published by the group of Kristina Narfström at the University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia. rdAc-PRA is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. So there are three conditions a cat can be: it can be clear (genotype N/N or homozygous normal) meaning that it does not carry the mutation and will not develop the rdAc-form of PRA. Since it also cannot pass the mutation onto its offspring, it can be mated to any other cat. A cat which has one copy of the CEP290 gene with the mutation and one copy without the mutation is called a carrier or heterozygous (genotype N/PRA); while it will not be affected by rdAc-PRA, it can pass the mutation onto its offspring and should therefore only be mated to clear cat. Cats that develop this form of PRA have two CEP290 gene copies with the mutation (genotype PRA/PRA or homozygous affected); they will always pass the mutated gene onto their offspring and should also be mated only to clear cat.

Inheritance : AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE trait


 

Sire

 

Dam

 

Offspring

         
clear
clear
100% clear
         
clear
carrier
50%  clear + 50% carriers
         
clear
affected
100% carriers
         
carrier
clear
50%  clear + 50% carriers
         
carrier
carrier
25% clear + 25% affected + 50% carriers
         
carrier
affected
50% carriers + 50% affected
         
affected
clear
100%  carriers
         
affected
carrier
50% carriers + 50% affected
         
affected
affected
100% affected

 


Clear

Genotype: N / N [ Homozygous normal ]

The cat is noncarrier of the mutant gene.

It is very unlikely that the cat will develop rdAc-PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy ). The cat will never pass the mutation to its offspring, and therefore it can be bred to any other cat.

 

Carrier

Genotype: N / rdAc-PRA [ Heterozygous ]

The cat carries one copy of the mutant gene and one copy of the normal gene.

It is very unlikely that the cat will develop rdAc-PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy ) but since it carries the mutant gene, it can pass it on to its offspring with the probability of 50%.

Carriers should only be bred to clear cats.

Avoid breeding carrier to carrier because 25% of their offspring is expected to be affected (see table above)

 

Affected

Genotype: rdAc-PRA / rdAc-PRA [ Homozygous mutant ]

 

The cat carries two copies of the mutant gene and therefore it will pass the mutant gene to its entire offspring.

The cat is likely to develop rdAc-PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy ) and will pass the mutant gene to its entire offspring
Description

By DNA testing, the responsible mutation can be shown directly. This method provides a very high accuracy test and can be done at any age. It offers the possibility to distinguish not only between affected and clear cats, but also to identify clinically healthy carriers. This is an essential information for controlling the disease in the breed, as carriers are able to spread the disease in the population, but can not be identified by means of common laboratory diagnostic. To ensure maximum test reliability, the test is always performed in two independent test runs per sample.

Sample Requirements
Whole blood in EDTA tube (0.5 - 1 ml) or Buccal Swabs. Whole blood in EDTA tube (0.5 - 1 ml) or Buccal swabs. .
Turnaround
1 - 2 weeks

We will run this test 2 independant times on your sample to ensure that the result is 100% accurate

Price
£ 48.00 (including VAT)

To order:

  • Download Order Form from this link pdf

  • Complete the order form and send it together with your samples to the following address:

    Laboklin (UK),   125 Northenden Road, Manchester, M33 3HF

See Also:
HCM 1 (Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ) Mutation Meurs (G-- > C) A31P  
Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome (ALPS)  
HCM (Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy)  
PKD (Feline Polycystic Kidney Disease)  
PK Deficiency (Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency)  
Genetic Blood groups in cats  
SMA (Spinal Muscular Atrophy )  
Serological Evaluation of blood Groups  
Hypokalemia / Familial Episodic Hypokalaemic Polymyopathy (BHK)  
Head Defect (BHD) *  
Alpha-Mannosidosis (AMD)  
Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome (CMS)  
Gangliosidosis GM1  
Gangliosidosis GM2  
Gangliosidosis GM2  
Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VI (MPS VI)  
Mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII)  
Myotonia Congenita (Fainting Goat)  
pd - Progressive Retinal Atrophy (pd-PRA)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (rdy-PRA)  
HCM1 + PK Deficiency + SMA  
Hypotrichosis and Short Life Expectancy  
Bengal Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA-b) *  
Special Offer: HCM, HCR, GSD4, PKD, PRA, PK-Def., SMA, Blood Groups  
Osteochondrodysplasia (Scottish Fold Osteodystrophy)  
Primary Congenital Glaucoma (PCG)  
Cystinuria (Feline Cystinuria) (CY)  
Glycogen Storage Disease ( GSD ) Type IV  

 
 
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125 Northenden Road, Manchester, M33 3HF
Tel. 0161 282 3066