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HCM, HCR, GSD4, PKD, PRA, PK-Def., SMA, Blood Groups

new test: Cocoa (Chocolate / Brown ) in French Bulldog
new test: Stargardt disease ( STGD )  and  Copper storage disease - Copper toxicosis (CT) in Labrador Retriever
new test: Inflammatory Pulmonary Disease ( IPD ) in Rough and Smooth Collies
new test: Lafora Disease in Basset Hound, Beagle, Chihuahua, French Bulldog, Welsh Corgi and Mini Wirehaired Dachshund
new Kennel Club DNA testing schemes with LABOKLIN:
• Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) / Necrotizing Meningoencephalitis (NME) in Pug
• Progressive Retinal Atrophy (prcd-PRA) and • Progressive retinal atrophy ( rcd4-PRA) / LOPRA in Standard Poodle
• Dwarfism ( Chondrodysplasia / disproportinate short-limbed ) and • Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG) in Norwegian Elkhounds


Hereditary Myopathy / Centronuclear Myopathy (HMLR, CNM)

Test number: 8073

CNM

Breeds
German Hunting Terrier , Great Dane , Labrador Retriever .
Kennel Club
This test is part of the Official UK Kennel Club DNA Testing Scheme in Great Dane , and Labrador Retriever.
The Disease
Clinical features of hereditary myopathy in Labrador Retrievers include hypotonia, generalized muscle weakness, abnormal postures, stiff hopping gait, exercise intolerance and increased collapse when exposed to cold.
Trait of Inheritance
Hereditary myopathy in Labrador Retrievers is an inherited autosomal recessive trait. This means that a dog can be clear (homozygous normal), affected, or a carrier (heterozygous). The carriers can spread the diseased gene in the population. Therefore, reliable information on non-affected dogs is the key to controlling this disease.

Inheritance : AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE trait


 

Sire

 

Dam

 

Offspring

         
clear
clear
100% clear
         
clear
carrier
50%  clear + 50% carriers
         
clear
affected
100% carriers
         
carrier
clear
50%  clear + 50% carriers
         
carrier
carrier
25% clear + 25% affected + 50% carriers
         
carrier
affected
50% carriers + 50% affected
         
affected
clear
100%  carriers
         
affected
carrier
50% carriers + 50% affected
         
affected
affected
100% affected

 


Clear

Genotype: N / N [ Homozygous normal ]

The dog is noncarrier of the mutant gene.

It is very unlikely that the dog will develop Hereditary Myopathy / Centronuclear Myopathy (HMLR, CNM). The dog will never pass the mutation to its offspring, and therefore it can be bred to any other dog.

 

Carrier

Genotype: N / CNM [ Heterozygous ]

The dog carries one copy of the mutant gene and one copy of the normal gene.

It is very unlikely that the dog will develop Hereditary Myopathy / Centronuclear Myopathy (HMLR, CNM) but since it carries the mutant gene, it can pass it on to its offspring with the probability of 50%.

Carriers should only be bred to clear dogs.

Avoid breeding carrier to carrier because 25% of their offspring is expected to be affected (see table above)

 

Affected

Genotype: CNM / CNM [ Homozygous mutant ]

 

The dog carries two copies of the mutant gene and therefore it will pass the mutant gene to its entire offspring.

The dog is likely to develop Hereditary Myopathy / Centronuclear Myopathy (HMLR, CNM) and will pass the mutant gene to its entire offspring
Description

This is a mutation-based gene test, which offers many advantages over other methods

The genetic defect leading to the disease has been identified. By DNA testing, the responsible mutation can be shown directly. This method provides a very high accuracy test and can be done at any age. It offers the possibility to distinguish not only between affected and clear dogs, but also to identify clinically healthy carriers. This is an essential information for controlling the disease in the breed, as carriers are able to spread the disease in the population, but can not be identified by means of common laboratory diagnostic.

Sample Requirements
Whole blood in EDTA tube (0.5 - 1 ml) or Buccal Swabs.
Whole blood in EDTA tube (0.5 - 1 ml) or Buccal swabs. .
Turnaround
1 - 2 weeks
Price
£ 48.00 (including VAT)

To order:

  • Download Order Form from this link pdf

  • Complete the order form and send it together with your samples to the following address:

    Laboklin (UK),   125 Northenden Road, Manchester, M33 3HF




new test:
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Tractability
new test:
Coat colour Sunshire Dilution



See also:
Copper Toxicosis (Copper Storage Disease )  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (Dominant PRA)  
Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy (Krabbe Disease)  
CSNB (Congenital Stationary Night Blindness)  
CLAD (Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency)  
Cystinuria  
von Willebrand disease Type II (vWD II)  
PK Deficiency (Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency)  
Fucosidosis  
PFK Deficiency (Phosphofructokinase deficiency)  
Myotonia Congenita  
MH (Malignant Hyperthermia)  
X-Linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (X-SCID)  
GM1-Gangliosidosis  
Narcolepsy  
Muscular Dystrophy (MD)  
MPS ( Mucopolysaccharidosis type VII)  
Canine Cyclic Neutropenia (Gray Collie Syndrome)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (cord1- PRA / crd4 PRA)  
L-2-HGA ( L- 2 - hydroxyglutaric aciduria ) L2HGA  
von Willebrand disease Type I (vWD I)  
von Willebrand disease Type III (vWD III)  
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis ( CL / NCL )  
Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome ( TNS )  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (crd PRA)  
PDP 1 Deficiency (Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Phosphatase 1 Deficiency)  
Factor VII Deficiency  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (rcd1 PRA)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (rcd1a PRA)  
Juvenile Brain Disease ( JBD ) / Juvenile Encephalopathy ( Epilepsy )  
Microphthalmia ( RBP4 )  
French Bulldog DNA bundle  
Leonberger DNA bundle  
Spanish Water Dog DNA bundle  
Lethal Acrodematitis ( LAD )  
BRAF Mutation ( transitional cell carcinoma )  
MDR1 Gene Varian / Ivermectin Sensitivity *  
Exercise Induced Collapse ( EIC )  
Dwarfism (Pituitary Dwarfism / Hypopituitarism)  
Degenerative Myelopathy / Degenerative Radiculomyelopathy) DM (Exon 2)  
Greyhound Neuropathy (Hereditary Neuropathy)  
Brittle Bone Disease (Osteogenesis Imperfecta)  
Glycogen Storage Disease (GSDllla)  
Hereditary Cataract (HSF4)  
Neonatal encephalopathy (NE / NEWS)  
Haemophilia B (factor IX deficiency)  
JEB (Junctional Epidermolysis bullosa)  
Primary Lens Luxation (PLL)  
Brachyury (Bobtail Gene / Short Tail)  
Familial Nephropathy (FN) / Hereditary Nephropathy *  
Startle Disease (SD) / Hyperekplexia  
Familial Nephropathy (FN) / Hereditary Nephropathy  
Myostatin Mutation ("Bully" Whippet)/ Double Muscling  
Hereditary Nephritis / Samoyed Hereditary Glomerulopathy  
Episodic Falling in Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (EF)  
Dry Eye and Curly Coat syndrome (CCS)  
CKCS Pack A: Episodic Falling + Dry Eye Curly Coat syndrome  
Haemophilia A (factor VIII deficiency)  
Congenital Hypothyreosis / hypothyroidism ( CHG )  
Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis (HNPK)  
Juvenile Epilepsy (JE)  
Musladin-Lueke syndrome (MLS)  
Ichthyosis *  
Neonatal Cortical Cerebellar Abiotrophy (NCCD)  
Dwarfism (Skeletal Dysplasia 2 / SD2 )  
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (generalized PRA)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (GR-PRA1)  
Progressive retinal atrophy ( rcd4-PRA) / LOPRA  
Alaskan Malamute Polyneuropathy (AMPN / IPAM / HPAM)  
Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) / Necrotizing Meningoencephalitis (NME)  
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)  
Pompe's Disease (Glycogen Storage Disease type II / GSDII)  
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD)  
Protein Losing Nephropathy (PLN)  
Late Onset Ataxia (LOA)  
Cobalamin Malabsorption (Imerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome (IGS))  
Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA)  
Cystinuria (Dominant)  
pap-PRA1 (Progressive Retinal Atrophy)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (BAS PRA)  
CMSD (Canine Multiple System Degeneration)  
Hereditary Cataract (HSF4) *  
Special offer 4: Juvenile Epilepsy + Furnishing + LSD  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (prcd-PRA): (8094P / 8127)  
Thrombopathia (Thrombopathy)  
Digital Hyperkeratosis (DH) (Hereditary Footpad Hyperkeratosis / Corny Feet)  
Degenerative Myelopathy / degenerative radiculomyelopathy) DM (Exon 1)  
Degenerative Myelopathy / degenerative radiculomyelopathy) DM (Exon 1 + Exon 2)  
Ectodermal Dysplasia / Skin Fragility Syndrome (ED / SFS)  
Hypomyelination (Shaking Puppy Syndrome) SPS  
JRT and PRT Pack A: Late Onset Ataxia (LOA) + Spinocerebellar Attaxia (SCA)  
JRT and PRT Pack B:Late Onset Ataxia (LOA) + Spinocerebellar Attaxia (SCA) + PLL + JBD  
Leonberger Polyneuropathy 1 ( LPN1)  
Hereditary Ataxia (HA)  
Finnish Hound Ataxia / Cerebellar Ataxia (FHA / CAFH)  
Dandy-Walker-Like Malformation (DWLM)  
Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS)  
Fanconi Syndrome (FS)  
Lagotto Storage Disease (LSD)  
Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis & Polyneuropathy (JLPP)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (CNGA1 PRA)  
Achromatopsia (day blindness) / ACHM  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (GR-PRA2)  
Unspecified test  
Postoperative Hemorrhage (P2Y12 / P2RY12)  
Glanzmann Thrombasthenia (Thrombasthenia, Thrombasthenic thrombopathia, GT)  
Prekallikrein Deficiency (KTK) / Fletcher Factor Deficiency  
C3 Deficiency (Complement Component 3 deficiency)  
Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome (CMS)  
Bardet Biedl Syndrome (BBS)  
GM2 Gangliosidosis Variant 0 (Sandhoff Disease)  
Macrothrombocytopenia ( MTC-D )  
Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis (RCND)  
Vitamin D-dependent Rickets (HVDRR)  
Amelogenesis Imperfecta (AI) / Familial Enamel Hypoplasia (FEH)  
X-linked Myotubular Myopathy (XLMTM)  
Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) / Choroidal Hypoplasia (CH) *  
Macrothrombocytopenia ( MTC- R )  
Muscular Dystrophy (MDL)  
Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIa (MPS IIIA)  
Neuroaxonal Dystrophy ( NAD )  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (rcd2-PRA) by Laboklin  
Ichthyosis ( Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis (EHK) )  
May-Hegglin Anomaly (MHA)  
Alaskan Husky Encephalopathy (AHE)  
Cerebral Dysfunction (CDF)  
Dwarfism ( Chondrodysplasia / disproportinate short-limbed )  
Ichthyosis (Congenital Ichthyosis / Great Dane Ichthyosis)  
Hemorrhagic Diathesis / Bleeding Diathesis (Canine Scott Syndrom)  
Glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD Ia) / VON Grieke Disease  
Gallbladder Mucoceles (GBM)  
Primary Hyperoxaluria type I (PH I)  
Hyperuricosuria / Urate Stones (HUU, SLC)  
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID)  
Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency type III (LAD III)  
Cleft Lip / Palate and Syndactyly (CLPS)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (crd1 PRA)  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (CRD2 PRA)  
Spondylocostal Dysostosis (Comma Defect)  
Canine Multi-Focal Retinopathy (CMR)  
Craniomandibular Osteopathy (CMO)  
Retinal Dysplasia (RD) / Oculo Skeletal Dysplasia (OSD)*  
Special Offer: DM (Exon 2) + MDR1  
Special Offer Chinese Crested: PLL + prcd PRA + rcd3 PRA + DM Exon 2  
Warbung Micro Syndrome 1 (WARBM1)  
Raine Syndrome  
van den Ende-Gupta Syndrom (VDEGS)  
Lundehund-Syndrome ( Lymphagetasia )  
Obesity / Adiposity ( ADI )  
Alexander Disease (AxD) / Leukodystrophy  
Spinal Dysraphism / Neural Tube Defects ( NTD )  
Spongy Degeneration with Cerebellar Ataxia ( SDCA1 )  
XL - PRA (Progressive retinal Atrophy)  
Nemaline Myopathy (NM)  
Beagle DNA Bundle : IGS + Factor VII + MLS + NCCD + Osteogenesis imperfecta + PK + POAG  
Poodle DNA Bundle: DM exon2 + rcd4 PRA + NE + prcd-PRA + vWD1  
Golden Retriever DNA bundle: GR-PRA1 + GR-PRA2 + Ichthyosis + prcd-PRA + Muscular Dystrophy (MD) + NCL  
Pug Special Offer: DM Exon2 + MH + PDE / NME + PK + PLL  
Aussie DNA bundle: CEA * + DM exon2 + HSF4 + MDR1 + Brachyury + NCL + prcd-PRA *  
Collie DNA Bundle: CEA + DM exon2 + IPD + MDR1 + rcd2-PRA  
Border Collie DNA Bundle: CEA + IGS + MDR1 + Raine + SN + NCL + TNS + GGD  
Pack A: CNM + DM exon2 + EIC + HNPK + OSD + prcd-PRA + SD2  
Pack B: AxD + Cystinuria + Narcolepsy + Obesity + PK + SLC + XL-MTM  
Ichthyosis  
Catalase Deficiency ( CAT ) / Hypocatalasemia / Acatalasia  
Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy ( JME )  
Paroxysmal Dyskinesia ( PxD )  
Spongy Degeneration with Cerebellar Ataxia ( SDCA2 )  
Belgian Shepherd Special Offer : SDCA1 + SDCA2  
Sensory Neuropathy ( SN )  
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome ( ARDS )  
POAG / PLL Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG) and Primary Lens Luxation (PLL)  
Shar Pei auto-inflammatory disease (SPAID)  
Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa (DEB)  
Doberman DNA bundle (DM2 + vWDI + Narcolepsy + B Locus + D Locus)  
Landseer DNA bundle (Cystinuria + DM2 + D-Locus (D1) + MD + Thrombopathia)  
Rhodesian Ridgeback DNA Bundle (DM2 + Haemophilia B + B Locus + JME + D Locus)  
Rottweiler DNA bundle ( DM2 , LEMP , JLPP , CL1 , XL - MTM )  
Leonberger Polyneuropathy 2 ( LPN2 )  
Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis (HNPK)  
Subacute Necrotizing Encephalopathy (SNE)  
ISDS Exclusive Border Collie DNA Bundle: CEA 1* + IGS + SN + TNS  
Acral Mutilation Syndrome ( AMS )  
Lafora Disease (LAF / LD) / Myoclonic Epilepsy  
Shetland DNA Bundle: CEA + DM Exon 2 + vWD Type III + MDR1 + CNGA1-PRA  
CKCS Pack B: DM Exon2 + Episodic Falling + DryEye + MD + MTC  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (rcd3 PRA)  
Old English Sheepdog (Bobtail) DNA bundle: DM Exon2 + EIC + HA + MDR1 + PCD  
German Shepherd and Wolfdog DNA Bundle  
Glaucoma and Goniodysgenesis (GGD)  
Leukoencephalomyelopathy ( LEMP )  
Hereditary Deafness ( PTPRQ )  
Type B PRA * (GeneSeek)  
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis Combi in ACD & AUSSIE ( NCL Combi )  
Chondrodystrophy (CDDY with IVDD Risk) and Chondrodysplasia (CDPA)  
Mycobacterium Avium Complex ( MAC ) sensitivity  
Australian Cattle Dog bundle (DM Exon2 + NCL + PLL + prcd-PRA (partnerlab) + rcd4-PRA)  
Dachshund DNA bundle (IVDD-risk + Osteogenesis imperfecta + NCL + cord1-PRA + crd-PRA)  
English Springer Spaniel DNA bundle (AMS + FN + SPS + Fucosidosis + PFKD + cord1-PRA )  
Welsh Corgi DNA bundle (Brachyuria + IVDD-risk + DM exon2 + rcd3-PRA + vWD1)  
Cocker Spaniel DNA bundle (AMS + FN + prcd PRA)  
Leukoencephalopathy ( LEP )  
Larynx / Laryngeal Paralysis ( LP )  
Dilated Cardiomyopathy ( DCM )  
Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIb ( MPS3b )  
Renal dysplasia and hepatic fibrosis ( RDHN )  
Stargardt disease ( STGD )  
NECAP-1 Progressive Retinal Atrophy ( NECAP1 PRA / NECAP PRA5)  
SCWT DNA bundle (DM + PLN + PxD + RBP4 + SLC )  
Inflammatory Pulmonary Disease ( IPD )  
Retinal dysplasia ( RD ) / Oculoskeletal Dysplasia ( OSD 3 )  
Shiba Inu DNA bundle (GM1 , GM2 , A Locus and E Locus)  
Copper storage disease - Copper toxicosis (CT) *  
Hypophosphatasia ( HPP )  
Upper Airway Syndrome ( UAS )  
Portuguese Waterdog DNA Bundle ( GM1 + prcd PRA + Improper Coat)  
Bull Terrier DNA bundle ( LAD + PLL + LP + PKD )  
Australian Shepherd KC DNA bundle (MDR1+ prcd-PRA + CEA + HSF4)  
Beagle KC DNA bundle (F7 + IGS BG + MLS + NCCD)  
Border Collie KC DNA bundle (GG +IGS BC+NCL BC+TNS+SN+MDR1+CEA)  
Chinese Crested KC DNA bundle (PLL + prcd-PRA)  
Collie (Rough) KC DNA bundle (DM Exon2 + rcd2-PRA + MDR1 + CEA)  
English Springer Spaniel (ESS) KC DNA bundle (AMS+cord1-PRA+Fucosidosis+PFKD)  
French Bulldog KC DNA bundle (DM Exon2+SLC+HSF4)  
German Shepherd KC DNA bundle (DM Exon2+F8+MDR1)  
Golden Retriever KC DNA bundle (GR1-PRA+GR2-PRA+Ichthyosis)  
Labrador Retriever KC DNA bundle (EIC+HNPK+SD2+CNM+prcd-PRA)  
Staffordshire Bull Terrier KC DNA bundle  
Cardiomyopathy with Juvenile Mortality (CJM)  
Charcot -Marie - Tooth (CMT )  
Leukodystrophy ( LD )  
Dermatomysitis ( DMS )  
Progressive Retinal Atrophy Type B1 PRA (HIVEP3)  

 
 
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